per Maharashtra Fire Prevention and Life Safety Measures Act,
owner or occupier has to furnish to the Chief Fire Officer, a
issued by a Licensed Agency regarding compliance of the fire prevention
safety measures in the building, twice every year, in January and July.
Chief Fire Officer can report deviations in the Inspection report of
building and issue a notice thereafter directing removal of objects that will cause the
fire. The deviations can be rectified
by the owner. The
Chief Fire Officer can also take the assistance of the local police station to
- Then issue NOC under section 390 and 394 of BMC Act
Maharashtra Fire Prevention and Life Safety Measures Act, 2006, Section
3(1), Schedule I, pages 29-37:
Extinguishers are required at prominent places
reel, Wet Riser, Down comer, Sprinkler systems, courtyard hydrant,
Smoke and Fire Alarm System (manual or automatic) may be required
static water storage tank is required (depending on the type of the
building) with a corresponding water pump
seperate terrace tank is required to store water to fight fire; along
with a corresponding booster pump on the terrace
buckets have to be installed at prominent places
indicators and signages for fire alarms and fire extinguishers have to
be given in lobbies, staircases, refuge areas and any other escape
training of fire fighting system, including operation of water pumps,
must be given to security personnel
closing devices must be used in staircase doors
and scrap materials must be cleared immediately from staircase and
door must not be kept locked
drills must be conducted at regular intervals (ideally 2 times in a
the Maharashtra Fire Prevention and Life Safety Measures Act, 2006:
For details on how to conduct Fire drill,
the Development Control Rules, 1991, for Mumbai:
BMC and Fire Brigade rules for buildings with glass facades:
floor must have a two-way opening measuring 5x5 ft in the wall, as
access points for rescue workers. They must properly labelled as
- The distance between building structure and glass facade must not be more than 300 mm
- Smoke seals made of non-combustible material must be laid between building structure and glass facade.
- To restrict spread of fire, there must be an automatic water curtain system on each floor
ceiling must have a pop-up vent, which can be easily reached from the
floor, to be integrated with the smoke detection system
glass walls must not have any coating of combustible materials like
plastic, and must be designed to resist fire for atleast 2 hours
regulations as per DC rules, 1991 for Mumbai:
multi-storeyed, high-rise buildings, the
following information shall be indicated on the building plans:
to fire appliances/vehicles with details of vehicular turning
circle and clear motorable access-way around the building;
(width) of main and alternate staircases along with the balcony
approach, corridor, ventilated lobby approach;
and details of lift enclosures;
and size of fire lift;
stop lobby door, where provided;
chutes, refuses chamber, service duct, etc.;
loading and unloading parking spaces;
area, if any;
of air-conditioning system with position of fire dampers,
mechanical ventilation system, electrical services (with dimensions of
electrical transforming sub-stations, etc.), boilers, gas pipes, meter
of exits, including ramps, etc. for hospitals and special
of generator, transformer and switch gear room;
exhaust system, if any;
of fire alarm system (manual or automatic);
of centralized control, connecting all fire alarms,
built-in fire protection arrangements and public address system, etc.;
and dimensions of static water storage tank and pump room
along with fire service inlets for mobile pump and water storage tank:
and details of fixed fire protection installation such as
sprinklers, wet hose reels, drenchers, carbon-dioxide (CO)
and details of first aid and fire fighting
per section (5)(ii) of
rules, 1991, the
building plans for multi-storeyed, high rise buildings as above, shall
also be subject to the scrutiny of the Chief Fire Officer, and
permission shall be given by the Commissioner only after the clearance
the Chief Fire Officer.
Then as per section
(8)(2) of DC rules, 1991, the completed work shall also be subject to
inspection by the Chief Fire
Officer, and the Commissioner shall issue the occupancy certificate
clearance (NOC) by the said Chief Fire Officer.
Exterior open space
a room does not derive light and ventilation from an exterior open
space; the width of the exterior open space must be a minimum of 3.6 m.
and 4.5 m (commercial), subject to a maximum of 12 m. For a building
height of 24 m. or more, such exterior open space shall be a minimum of
subject to the requirements of the fire brigade authorities.
- Features permitted in open spaces
tank, pump room, electric
meter room or substation, garbage shaft, space required for fire
electrical and water fittings, water tank, dust-bin, etc. are permitted
side or rear marginal open spaces.
19 in DC Rules, 1991 – Electric meter room and stairways
An independent and ventilated meter (service) room directly
accessible from the outside shall be provided on ground floor and/or on
floors, according to the requirements of the electric supply
door to the room shall have fire resistances of not less than two hours.
(i) Stairway width: The minimum width of a staircase other than a
fire escape shall be 1.2 m for residential; 1.5 m
for educational institutes and hospitals and 2 m for commercial
43 - Fire Protection Requirements
General: The planning design and construction of any building shall
be such as to ensure safety from fire and the provisions of Part-IV;
Protection Chapter of National Building Code shall apply.
multi-storeyed, high rise buildings, the approach to the building
and open spaces on all sides up to 6 m width and their layout shall
the requirements of the Chief Fire Officer. They shall be capable of
weight of a fire engine weighing up to 18 tonnes. These open spaces
free of any obstruction and shall be motorable.
Exits: Every building meant for human occupancy shall be
provided with exits (horizontal or vertical) sufficient to permit safe
of its occupants in case of fire or other emergency. Exits shall:
continuous egress to the exterior of the building or to an exterior
open space leading to the street;
so arranged that, except in a residential building, they can be
reached without having to cross another occupied unit;
free of obstruction;
clearly visible, with the routes reaching them clearly marked and
signs posted to guide any person to the floor concerned;
fitted, if necessary, with fire fighting equipment suitably
located but not as to obstruct the passage, clearly marked and with its
location clearly indicated on both sides of the exit way;
fitted with a fire alarm device, if it is either a
multi-storeyed, high-use or a special building so as to ensure its
unaffected by any alteration of any part of the building so
far as their number, width, capacity and protection thereof is
so located that the travel distance on the floor does not exceed 22.5
m (for residential, educational, institutional and hazardous
30 m (for Assembly, business, mercantile, industrial and storage
44(5) - Requirements of fire escape or
external stairs at each floor
high rise and special buildings shall be provided with
fire escape stairs, which will be free of FSI, and they should conform
shall not be taken into account in calculating the evacuation
time of a building.
of them shall be directly connected to the ground.
to them shall be separate and remote from the internal staircase.
to the fire escape shall be free of obstruction at all times,
except for a doorway leading to the fire escape, which shall have the
shall be constructed of non-combustible materials.
shall have a straight flight not less than 75 cm. wide with 15 cm.
treads and risers.
shall be provided with handrails at a height not less than 90 cm.
above the tread.
44(7) - Requirements of Refuge
multi-storeyed and high rise buildings, at
least one refuge area shall be provided on the floor immediately above
shall be on the external walls as a
cantilevered projection or in any other manner.
shall have a minimum area of 15 sq m and a
minimum width of 3 m.
shall not be counted in FSI.
Modern building bye-laws regarding Fire
safety, as issued by Union of India, Ministry of Urban Development:
4.7.3.c) The approach to the building and open spaces on its all sides
m. width and the layout for the same shall be done in consultation with
Chief Fire Officer and the same shall be of hard surface capable of
weight of fire tender, weighing up to 22 tones for low rise building
tones for building 15 m., and above in height. The said open space
kept free of obstructions and shall be motorable.
4.7.3.d) Main entrance to the premises shall be of adequate width to
access to the fire tender and in no case it shall measure less than 5
entrance gate shall fold back against the compound wall of the
leaving the exterior access way within the plot free for movement of
service vehicles. If-archway is provided over the main entrance, the
the archway shall not be of height less than 5 m.
Union of India, Ministry
of Environment and Forests
have also issued guidelines:
height of the building is 15-30 m, then minimum width of the approach
which the building is situated must be 15 m. For buildings 30-45 m
width must be minimum 18m, for 45-60 m height, roads must be 24 m wide
60m+ tall buildings, road width must be a minimum of 30 m.
Mumbai Municipal Corporation
Act, 1888, Section 364
A report of every
fire must be submitted, not later than a day
following the fire, by the Fire Officer to the
Commissioner, who in turn will need to submit a weekly report
to the Standing Committee.
||How to prevent fires:
not overload electrical circuits and individual sockets. Electric and
AC ducts must be sectionalized and sealed, so that they do not spread
- No electrical wires must hang
loose or be damaged
- Do not use candles in case of
power failure. Use battery torches.
- Use ashtray while smoking and
smoke only in smoking zones
- Keep matches, crackers,
lighters away from the children.
- Keep LPG Stoves/ Burner on
raised non-combustible platform.
LPG cylinder is leaking, close the main cylinder valve and ventilate
the entire room. Do not switch on/ off any of the electric switches the
room. Replace LPG supply tube periodically.
not leave lighted oil lamps near
combustible material. Put them off before retiring to bed.
- In case of fire, all lifts
must be grounded, and irresepective of size of fire, the fire brigade
must be summoned.
It is mandatory
for a housing society to take fire policy of the structure of the
damage caused to the contents of the flat due to fire is not covered
policy. The flat owner has to take fire policy for this depending on
of the contents of the flat. The fire policy covering the contents
the risk of damage to furniture, electronic items like TV, Fridge,
machines, jewellery, etc. The insurance company providing cover for the
structure of the building may give discounts for buying the policy
Fire Brigade contact numbers
City Fire Brigade emergency
number is 101.
from 101, there are other telephone numbers viz. 23085991-94 AND 23076111-3/ 23086181/ 22882290/ 23074923.
Fire Brigade department is headed by the Chief Fire
Officer, who is
assisted by four Deputy Chief Fire Officers and 6 Divisional Officers.
emergency numbers for Thane is 25391600 and for Navi Mumbai are
||22694719/ 25/ 27
|Civil Defence, Fort
|Gowalia Tank (August Kranti maidan)
|Indira Dock (Carnac Bunder)
|Mandvi (Wadi Bunder)
|Sion Raoli Camp
|Mumbai Western suburbs
|Bandra Kurla complex
|Mahakali Caves Rd
|Mumbai Central suburbs